Housing

HOUSING

The Strategy for the Social Inclusion of Roma 2016-2025 defines the following goal in the field of housing: ''Improve the housing conditions of Roma in the Republic of Serbia by providing legal security of housing status, access to services, materials, facilities, infrastructure, financial availability, adequate habitability and accessibility, adequate location and cultural adequacy, as defined by international standards on the right to adequate housing ratified by the Republic of Serbia.''

Activities implemented in the field of housing:

  • The development of the National Housing Strategy is under way, a detailed situation analysis has been produced, covering in particular an analysis of the housing conditions of the socially most vulnerable, particularly Roma, and it will be the basis for proposing relevant goals and measures to resolve issues under existing social and economic conditions.
  • Under the project Technical Assistance “Improvement of the Living and Housing Conditions of Roma Currently Living in Informal Settlements” construction works have thus far been successfully completed in the municipalities/towns Odžaci, Lebane, Ub, Loznica, Svilajnac, Novi Pazar, and Boljevac. Memorandums on cooperation have been signed for component 1 with 13 municipalities that will have technical documentation developed for them, and depending on their needs, urban development plans. This component of the activity is being implemented by the following municipalities: Bačka Palanka, Kraljevo, Šabac, Lajkovac, Požarevac, Ruma, Niš, Vlasotince, Bor, Aleksinac, Svilajnac and Paraćin. Project activities have been fully completed in the municipalities of Lajkovac, Paraćin, Požarevac and Kostolac. MoCs have been signed for component 2 - assistance in forming 20 new mobile teams for Roma inclusion by the following municipalities: Požarevac, Bor, Beočin, Šabac, Paraćin, Aleksinac, Bačka Palanka, Ruma, Zaječar, Kraljevo, Niš, Čukarica, Vlasotince, Vladičin Han, Subotica, Kovačica, Stara Pazova, Pećinci, Lajkovac, Zrenjanin. Operating plans have been developed for all 20 municipalities with EUR 126,000 envisaged. Trainings were held in March in Niš and Belgrade for mobile teams from IPA 2012, and in April for non-government organizations working on Roma issues and their inclusion.  
  • The Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure published a Contract Notice as part of the IPA 2014 programme “Project for improving the socio-economic living conditions of the Roma population”. The contract for this project was signed with the KPMG d.o.o. company on 23 December 2018. The value of the contract was EUR 2,705,170. Contract implementation started on 4 March 2019.
  • The project “Support to the EU inclusion of Roma - empowering local communities for Roma inclusion” was financed from the IPA 2016 programme, the funds are managed by the EUD in Serbia, the beneficiary is the Ministry of Labour, Employment, Veteran and Social Issues, and the implementation partner is the Standing Conference of Towns and Municipalities. Contracts under component 1 of the programme have been signed with the municipalities: Lebane, Vršac, Surdulica, Doljevac, Mladenovac, Pirot, Smederevska Palanka, Aranđelovac, Bečej and Loznica. Mobile teams for Roma inclusion have been established, along with local coordination bodies for managing Roma inclusion policy.  As part of component 3 of the IPA 2016 Programme, involving the development of detailed regulation plans for substandard settlements, contracts have been signed on 21 September 2018 with the municipalities of Kučevo, Beočin, Bač, Leskovac, Kuršumlija, Vrnjačka Banja, Bujanovac, Sombor, Pećinci, Lebane and Surdulica. The adoption of planning documents is expected by the end of 2019.
  • Under the Regulation on establishing incentive programmes for implementing measures and activities required to achieve the set goals in the field of migration management in local self-government units, RSD 260 million has been spent during 2018 on improving the living conditions of internally displaced persons. Although members of the Roma nationality comprise 10% of the population of internally displaced persons, in resolving the housing needs they are represented only with around 30% of total beneficiaries. According to the analysis of the situation and needs of internally displaced persons conducted in May 2018 in cooperation with UNHCR, there are 10,188 internally displaced Roma in need living in Serbia today, i.e. 1,435 families.

The European Commission Progress Report for Serbia from 29 May 2019 states that “a large number of Roma households have no access to electricity, potable water, or sewage connections.”