The Strategy for the Social Inclusion of Roma 2016-2025 defines the following goal in the field of healthcare: “Improve the health of Roma persons, improve access to healthcare services and provide for full exercise of the right to health in the healthcare system of the Republic of Serbia.”

Activities implemented in the field of healthcare:

  • On 1 April 2018 healthcare mediators have started working in the municipalities of Aranđelovac, Blace, Bač, Beočin, Bogatić, Bor, Doljevac, Subotica, Odžaci, Leskovac, Kraljevo, Obrenovac, Pančevo, Sombor, Surdulica, Smederevo, Grocka, Kikinda, Apatin, Vlasotince, Zemun, Zvezdara, Savski Venac, Stara Pazova. With this expansion, the Ministry of Health has a team of a total of 85 mediators in 70 municipalities in the Republic of Serbia.
  • The activities of healthcare mediators are related to informing Roma on the various aspects of healthcare prevention, care and services in 2017: 36,709 field visits, 1,512 thematic workshops, 21,372 distributed items of informative material on health, 7,689 awareness raising activities on malnourishment, smoking, alcoholism and other risk factors, 82 Roma informed about non-communicable diseases (diabetes), 11,357 individual interviews and 522 young Roma covered by group information activities on risky behaviour, violence, unwanted pregnancies and communicable diseases.
  • Healthcare services provided for Roma in 2017: 1,576 Roma children have been vaccinated; preventive examinations were conducted for 1,456 Roma women, 1,420 pregnant Roma women have been visited.

The European Commission Progress Report for Serbia from 29 May 2019 states that only 12.7% of Roma children have received all the recommended vaccines, compared to the 70.5% of non-Roma children in the country.”