The Strategy for the Social Inclusion of Roma 2016-2025 defines the following goal in the field of employment: Promote the inclusion of work capable members of the Roma national minority in the formal labour market, raising employability, employment and economic empowerment, particularly for Roma belonging to categories of hard to employ unemployed persons based on multiple grounds.”
Activities implemented in the field of employment:
- According to NES data (status on 30 April 2019), the unemployed persons records contained 26,955 unemployed persons (13,081 women or 48.53%) who have stated that they are members of the Roma national minority. During the period 1 November 2018 – 30 April 2019, the active labour market policy measures covered 2,227 unemployed Roma (1,068 women). During the period 1 November 2018 – 30 April 2019, a total of 3,488 (37.21% women) members of the Roma national minority on the NES records have been employed. The highest number of employed (1,414) are in seasonal jobs, fixed-term employment has been registered in 978 cases of employment, open-ended work in 488 cases, while work based on temporary and occasional work has been registered in 464 cases of employment.
- With support by the Coordination Body for Monitoring the Implementation of the Strategy for the Social Inclusion of Roma, the UN volunteering programme with the support of UNDP and UNHCR has trained 30 young Roma, implementing their volunteering internships in 30 local self-government units in the Republic of Serbia.
- The “Youth Employment Promotion” project being implemented by GIZ is conducting trainings for the needs of the labour market with various profiles and support measures. During 2018, the measures (career management training, job-seeking training, student entrepreneurship and trainings for the needs of the labour market/vocational training) covered 1,467 members of the Roma national minority and 349 persons with the status of returnees based on the Readmission Agreement. Vocational trainings have covered 265 Roma persons and returnees. As a result of the measures 112 members of the Roma community have found employment.
The European Commission Progress Report for Serbia of 29 May 2019 states that the “Roma unemployment rate is 36% (45% for women), compared to 16% for the non-Roma population. Informal employment is declining, however it remains high among the Roma population, while the gap regarding informal employment is the highest in the region of Western Balkans. Furthermore, Roma remain insufficiently represented in public administration.”